fob shipping point

If you’re shipping items internationally, it’s essential to understand the terms and conditions of FOB. What’s even more important, you must record your shipping costs correctly. With Synder, you’ll be able to keep track of your shipping amounts and record them into your books flawlessly. The Smart Rules engine may help you to calculate VAT for your sales based on the shipping address country or region. FOB also determines when a business will record a sale for accounting purposes. If a shipment is designated as fob shipping point, the sale will be recorded in the accounting system as soon as the shipment leaves the seller’s dock.

  • Conversely, when you are selling to an overseas buyer, it is in your best interest for the buyer to become responsible as soon as it leaves your loading dock.
  • FOB destination – Means that transfer of ownership and responsibility occurs at the buyer’s loading dock, their post office or their physical location.
  • Both CIF and FOB are agreements used for international shipping when products are transported between a seller and buyer.
  • Company A buys watches from Vietnam and signs a FOB shipping point agreement.
  • It may be difficult to record delivery precisely when the goods have arrived at the shipping point.

Discuss why computerized accounting is important to any company that is involved in e-commerce. Select a well-known company and explain two ways that computerized accounting helps this business to be successful from an e-commerce standpoint. Describe the purpose of the balance sheet and the interrelationship between the balance sheet and the other major financial statements. Explain the impact of accounting transactions in financial statements. Explain the terms relevance, reliability, and materiality in terms of accounting and financial reporting. Learn the definition of shipping and handling cost and its formula. Learn how to calculate shipping costs, including packaging and handling costs.

FOB Incoterms & More

It may be less expensive for you to be billed directly, as this prevents the other party from marking up shipping costs on your invoice. The FOB designation on a bill of lading determines who has ownership of the goods while they are in transit., for instance, means that the title to these goods passes to the recipient the moment they leave the shipper’s dock.

As mentioned, there are two distinct types of FOB shipping terms, and there are additional add-on terms that buyers use to reduce or extend the responsibility to the seller in FOB shipping. The risk transfer occurs at a different point when the goods are actually loaded onto the shipping vessel. FOB shipping only applies to sea and inland waterway modes of transport in the vast majority of countries. However, in North America, the term FOB has been expanded for all types of transportation under the Uniform Commercial Code . In a nutshell, in FOB Shipping Point , the seller is responsible for loading the goods onto the vessel. The buyer is responsible for everything else necessary to get the goods to the final destination. It is important to note that FOB does not define the ownership of the cargo, only who has the shipping cost responsibility.


Once this happens, and the legal title of all goods is transferred to the buyer, the seller is no longer responsible for the goods. Depending on the agreement with your supplier, your goods may be considered delivered at any point between the port of destination and your final delivery address. With FOB destination, ownership of goods is transferred to the buyer at the buyer’s loading dock. The purchased pays the freight costs and is responsible for damages. In this type of agreement, the buyer assumes full responsibility for the goods after the seller delivers them to the carrier.

  • FOB shipping and FOB destination are the main categories to determine when the title of the goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer, who pays the fees and who is liable.
  • Also, under these terms, the buyer is responsible for the cost of shipping the product to its facility.
  • Conversely, with FOB destination, the seller pays the shipment cost and fees until the items reach their destination, such as the buyer’s location.

“FOB Destination” means that the transfer completes at the buyer’s store and the seller is responsible for all of the freight costs and liability during transport. The main difference between FOB and CIF lies in the transference of ownership and liability. For this reason, buyers tend to prefer CIF while online sellers should lean toward FOB shipping to access better control over their shipment, maintain a higher profit, and save the buyer money on their orders. FOB destination – Means that transfer of ownership and responsibility occurs at the buyer’s loading dock, their post office or their physical location. Upon delivery to the buyer’s noted location, the title is transferred to the buyer, who then owns the goods and is legally responsible for them. Simply put, an incoterm is the standard contract used to define responsibility and liability for the shipment of goods. It plainly lays out how far along into the process the supplier will ensure that your goods are moved and at what point the buyer takes over the shipment process.

FOB Shipping Point vs. FOB Destination: What’s the Difference?

With FOB shipping point, the buyer pays for shipping costs, in addition to any damage during shipping. The buyer is the one who would file a claim for damages if needed, as the buyer holds the title and ownership of the goods. Incoterms is short for International Commercial Terms, which is published by the International Chamber of Commerce . Incoterms is updated each decade, with the 2020 Incoterms published in late 2019. Incoterms are agreed-upon terms that define transactions between shippers and buyers, so importers and exporters can speak the same shipping language.

Who Pays for Shipping in FOB Shipping Point?

In FOB shipping point agreements, the seller pays all transportation costs and fees to get the goods to the port of origin. Once the goods are at the point of origin and on the transportation vessel, the buyer is financially responsible for costs to transport the goods such as customs, taxes, and fees.